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Phrasal verbs

A phrasal verb is a verb like "to pick up", "to turn on" or "to look after". These verbs consist of a basic verb + one or two prepositions. The preposition changes the meaning of the basic verb. For example: "to look" = regarder, "to look after" = s'occuper de. There exist many phrasal verbs and we use them very often.

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• Have synonyms which are not phrasal verbs
- To blow up = to explode

• Don’t have any synonyms
- To break down (tomber en panne).

• Can be used in different contexts
- to check in at the hotel, to check in at the airport

• Can be very subtile
- to fall down, to fall off, to fall over

• Have different prepositions whether it’s British or American English
- to fill in, to fill out

• Have several different meanings
- to take off = enlever, décoller


01. To blow up - There was a gas leak and the building blew up = exploser, faire exploser
02. To break down - When the car broke down we had to push it onto the hard shoulder and wait for some help = tomber en panne
03. To break into - The burglar broke into the flat and stole a lot of valuable things = entrer par effraction
04. To check in - The family checked in at the airport = s’enregistrer
05. To fall down - He fell down the stairs and broke his leg = tomber
06. To fall off - Be careful not to fall off the cliff = tomber
07. To fall over - While he was running he fell over and broke his wrist = tomber
08. To fill in/out - You must fill in this form before boarding the plane = remplir
09. To run out of /to fill up - She ran out of petrol and stopped at the nearest petrol station to fill up the tank. = être à court de/remplir le réservoir, faire le plein
10. To look after - The granny looked after her grandson while the parents were away = s’occuper de
11. To look for - He spent hours looking for his car key = chercher
12. To pass out - The room was so hot that the cat passed out = s’évanouir
13. To pick up - You must pick up the dog dirt = ramasser
14. To plug in - Can I use this socket to plug in my laptop? = brancher
15. To put back - Please put back the books once you have finished reading them = remettre
16. To throw away- Don’t forget to keep the office tidy and throw away the rubbish. = jeter
17. To turn up - Please turn up the music! I can’t hear you! = augmenter
18. To catch up- Sam tried to catch up Peter who was walking too fast = ratrapper
19. To sort out - We need to sort out this problem as soon as we can = résoudre, traiter
20. To put on - John had difficulty putting on his trousers because they were too small= mettre (un habit, accessoire)
21. To drop off - Mary drops off her daughter at school every morning = déposer
22. To throw up - Tim had a hangover and threw up this morning = vomir
23. To wash up - John enjoys washing up = faire la vaisselle
24. To put off - The flight had to be put off due to the bad weather conditions = reporter

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