The United Kingdom's Parliament is the legislative body of the country, made up of two houses: the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The House of Commons, also known as the lower house, is made up of elected members of parliament (MPs) who represent the people of the UK. The House of Lords, also known as the upper house, is made up of appointed and hereditary members known as lords.
The primary role of Parliament is to make laws for the country. The process begins with a proposal for a new law, known as a bill, which is introduced in either the House of Commons or the House of Lords. The bill then goes through a series of readings, debates, and committee stages before it can become a law.
The leader of the majority party in the House of Commons is known as the Prime Minister and is appointed by the monarch. The Prime Minister is the head of the government and is responsible for leading the country. The leader of the opposition is the leader of the largest party not in government.
Parliament plays a crucial role in the functioning of the UK's government and democracy. It is responsible for passing laws, holding the government accountable, and representing the people of the UK. Members of Parliament are elected by the people, and they have the power to make important decisions that affect the country.