In recent years, the world has witnessed various instances of extreme weather and climate-induced catastrophes such as wildfires, droughts, famines and floods all over the world.
Researchers warn that this is just the beginning. Predictions that were made for the next ten years are coming into play much earlier at the five year mark.
Urban areas and the world's cities are at the forefront of these shifts as cities claim the lion's share of the world's energy at 75% and produce more than 70% of greenhouse gas emissions.
Conversely, could cities become part of the solution instead of part of the problem? CNBC explores how cities are adapting to climate change.
• Outsized - exceptionally large.
• Nimble - (of the mind) able to think and understand quickly; quick and light in movement or action; agile.
• Ravaging - causing severe and extensive damage to.
• Forefront - the leading or most important position or place.
• Set to - be likely to.
• Surpass - exceed; be greater than.
• Shortage - a lack.
• Hold up - show or display.
• Scarcity - The state of being in short supply;
• Shore up - support.
• Inland - situated in the interior of a country rather than on the coast.
• Surges - a sudden large increase, typically a temporary one.
• To outline - give a summary of.
• Boosting - help or encourage (something) to increase or improve.
• Threat - a person or thing likely to cause damage or danger.